Traditional Chinese medicine, also known as TCM, includes a range of traditional medicine practices originating in China. TCM therapy consists of Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage, nutrition, and therapeutic exercise. Modern TCM was systematized in the 1950s from ancient texts and clinical experiences of master practitioners.
TCM diagnosis includes observing the patients complexion and tongue coating, listening to the sounds of breath and voice, palpation of the radial pulse and acupuncture points, and questions about history and current symptoms. Identification of a specific pattern that indicates a treatment method and classical prescription is the primary goal of diagnosis. Classical prescriptions are then modified according to the individual needs of the patient.
Modern laboratory diagnosis and pharmacology have become an important part of the 21st century practice of TCM. Thousands of research studies confirm the clinical benefits of acupuncture and herbal medicines for complex and treatment resistant illnesses. Synergistic effects between herbal medicines and pharmaceuticals can be utilized to obtain optimum responses in difficult cases.